Data Tables (astropy.table)

Introduction

astropy.table provides functionality for storing and manipulating heterogenous tables of data in a way that is familiar to numpy users. A few notable features of this package are:

  • Initialize a table from a wide variety of input data structures and types.
  • Modify a table by adding or removing columns, changing column names, or adding new rows of data.
  • Include table and column metadata as flexible data structures.
  • Specify a description, units and output formatting for columns.
  • Interactively scroll through long tables similar to using more.
  • Create a new table by selecting rows or columns from a table.
  • Full support for multidimensional columns.
  • Create a table by referencing (not copying) an existing numpy table.

Currently astropy.table is used when reading an ASCII table using astropy.io.ascii. Future releases of AstroPy are expected to use the Table class for other subpackages such as astropy.io.vo and astropy.io.fits.

Getting Started

The basic workflow for creating a table, accessing table elements, and modifying the table is shown below. These examples show a very simple case, while the full astropy.table documentation is available from the Using table section.

First create a simple table with three columns of data named a, b, and c. These columns have integer, float, and string values respectively:

>>> from astropy.table import Table, Column
>>> a = [1, 4, 5]
>>> b = [2.0, 5.0, 8.2]
>>> c = ['x', 'y', 'z']
>>> t = Table([a, b, c], names=('a', 'b', 'c'), meta={'name': 'first table'})

There are a few ways to examine the table. You can get detailed information about the table values and column definitions as follows:

>>> t
<Table rows=3 names=('a','b','c')>
array([(1, 2.0, 'x'), (4, 5.0, 'y'), (5, 8.2, 'z')],
      dtype=[('a', '<i8'), ('b', '<f8'), ('c', '|S1')])

If instead you print the table then a nicely formatted version appears:

>>> print(t)
  a   b   c
--- --- ---
  1 2.0   x
  4 5.0   y
  5 8.2   z

For a long table you can scroll up and down through the table one page at time:

>>> t.more()

Now examine some high-level information about the table:

>>> t.colnames
['a', 'b', 'c']
>>> len(t)
3
>>> t.meta
{'name': 'first table'}

Access the data by column or row using familiar numpy structured array syntax:

>>> t['a']       # Column 'a'
<Column name='a' units=None format=None description=None>
array([1, 4, 5])

>>> t['a'][1]    # Row 1 of column 'a'
4

>>> t[1]         # Row obj for with row 1 values
<Row 1 of table
 values=(4, 5.0, 'y')
 dtype=[('a', '<i8'), ('b', '<f8'), ('c', '|S1')]>

>>> t[1]['a']    # Column 'a' of row 1
4

One can retreive a subset of a table by rows (using a slice) or columns (using column names), where the subset is returned as a new table:

>>> print(t[0:2])      # Table object with rows 0 and 1
 a   b   c
--- --- ---
  1 2.0   x
  4 5.0   y

>>> t['a', 'c']  # Table with cols 'a', 'c'
 a   c
--- ---
  1   x
  4   y
  5   z

Modifying table values in place is flexible and works as one would expect:

>>> t['a'] = [-1, -2, -3]       # Set all column values
>>> t['a'][2] = 30              # Set row 2 of column 'a'
>>> t[1] = (8, 9.0, "W")        # Set all row values
>>> t[1]['b'] = -9              # Set column 'b' of row 1
>>> t[0:2]['b'] = 100.0         # Set column 'c' of rows 0 and 1
>>> print(t)
 a    b    c
--- ----- ---
 -1 100.0   x
  8 100.0   W
 30   8.2   z

Add, remove, and rename columns with the following:

>>> t.add_column(Column('d', [1, 2, 3])))
>>> t.remove_column('c')
>>> t.rename_column('a', 'A')
>>> t.colnames
['A', 'b', 'd']

Lastly, adding a new row of data to the table is as follows:

>>> t.add_row([-8, -9, 10])
>>> len(t)
4

Reference/API

astropy.table Module

Classes

Column Define a data column for use in a Table object.
Row(table, index) A class to represent one row of a Table object.
Table([data, names, dtypes, meta, copy]) A class to represent tables of heterogeneous data.
TableColumns([cols]) OrderedDict subclass for a set of columns.

Class Inheritance Diagram

Inheritance diagram of astropy.table.table.Column, astropy.table.table.Row, astropy.table.table.Table, astropy.table.table.TableColumns